Student Engagement & Motivation
Why is this important?
According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2007 mathematics scores for both Black and White public school students in grades 4 and 8 were higher than assessments dating back to 1990. However, there was a 26-point difference between the scores of Black and White students in grade 4 and a 31-point gap in grade 8. In four of the six southeastern states, the achievement gap in mathematics was not significantly different than the national achievement gap. Similar gaps were reported in reading for grades 4 and 8. Although the achievement gaps in the southeastern states have narrowed since 1990, the current disparities indicate there is more work to be done to narrow the achievement gaps.
What resources can we suggest?Considering strategies for the classroom to maximize minority performance on challenging tasks
Reducing Stereotype Threat in Classrooms: A Review of Social-Psychological Intervention Studies on Improving the Achievement of Black Students.
Stereotype threat arises from a fear among members of a group of reinforcing negative stereotypes about the intellectual ability of the group. The report identifies three randomized controlled trial studies that use classroom-based strategies to reduce stereotype threat and improve the academic performance of Black students, narrowing their achievement gap with White students.
IES Practice Guide, Encouraging Girls in Math and Sciences
The objective of this guide is to provide teachers with specific recommendations that can be carried out in the classroom without requiring systemic change. Other school personnel having direct contact with students, such as coaches, counselors, and principals, will also find the guide useful.
Claude M. Steele, "Identity and Stereotype Threat"
video Doing What Works Website - Encouraging Girls in Math and Science Reducing Stereotype Threat Website
Considering strategies for the classroom to improve student motivation
Improving Student Motivation: A Guide for Teachers and School Improvement Teams
This document presents a general overview of current research and thought on student motivation in Classroom and school settings. It is designed as a resource to help teachers and school teams analyze the sources of students' motivational problems and consider changes that will improve motivation.
Defining and assessing student engagement and related constructs
Measuring Student Engagement in Upper Elementary Through High School: A Description of 21 Instruments
This Issues and Answers report reviews the characteristics of 21 instruments that measure student engagement in upper elementary through high school. It summarizes what each instrument measures, describes its purposes and uses, and provides technical information on its psychometric properties.