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SERVE Center - The University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Student Engagement & Motivation


Why is this important?


African American studentAccording to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2007 mathematics scores for both Black and White public school students in grades 4 and 8 were higher than assessments dating back to 1990. However, there was a 26-point difference between the scores of Black and White students in grade 4 and a 31-point gap in grade 8. In four of the six southeastern states, the achievement gap in mathematics was not significantly different than the national achievement gap. Similar gaps were reported in reading for grades 4 and 8. Although the achievement gaps in the southeastern states have narrowed since 1990, the current disparities indicate there is more work to be done to narrow the achievement gaps.


What resources can we suggest?

Considering strategies for the classroom to maximize minority performance on challenging tasks

Reducing Stereotype Threat in Classrooms: A Review of Social-Psychological Intervention Studies on Improving the Achievement of Black StudentsReducing Stereotype Threat in Classrooms: A Review of Social-Psychological Intervention Studies on Improving the Achievement of Black Students. 

Stereotype threat arises from a fear among members of a group of reinforcing negative stereotypes about the intellectual ability of the group. The report identifies three randomized controlled trial studies that use classroom-based strategies to reduce stereotype threat and improve the academic performance of Black students, narrowing their achievement gap with White students.

Encouraging Girls in Math & Science
 IES Practice Guide, Encouraging Girls in Math and Sciences

The objective of this guide is to provide teachers with specific recommendations that can be carried out in the classroom without requiring systemic change. Other school personnel having direct contact with students, such as coaches, counselors, and principals, will also find the guide useful.

Claude M. Steele, "Identity and Stereotype Threat" video



DWW website Doing What Works Website - Encouraging Girls in Math and Science

reducing stereotype threat website Reducing Stereotype Threat Website


Considering strategies for the classroom to improve student motivation

Improving Student Motivation


Improving Student Motivation: A Guide for Teachers and School Improvement Teams



This document presents a general overview of current research and thought on student motivation in Classroom and school settings. It is designed as a resource to help teachers and school teams analyze the sources of students' motivational problems and consider changes that will improve motivation.

Defining and assessing student engagement and related constructs

Measuring Student Engagement in Upper Elementary Through High School: A Description of 21 Instruments
Measuring Student Engagement in Upper Elementary Through High School: A Description of 21 Instruments

This Issues and Answers report reviews the characteristics of 21 instruments that measure student engagement in upper elementary through high school. It summarizes what each instrument measures, describes its purposes and uses, and provides technical information on its psychometric properties.







View a video archive of a one-hour webinar with social psychologist,
Dr. Joshua Aronson:

In this one-hour webinar, Dr. Aronosn:
  1. provided an overview of stereotype threat and the risks to student's ability to perform,
  2. discussed the idea that intelligence is not fixed, rather is expandable, and the implications for student achievement, and
  3. shared strategies that teachers can implement in the classroom


presentation Narrowing the Racial Learning Gap: Lessons From Psychology  presentation

DWW Website Access graphic that illustrates the "Two Mindsets" (pdf)

video  Webinar video archive (Windows Media Player)


 

contact us For more information about this webinar, contact Beth Thrift.